Systematic Significance of Anatomical Characterization in Some Euphorbiaceous Species
by Zahra N. B., Ahmad M., Shinwari Z. K., Zafar M., Sultana S. (2014)
NADIA BATOO ZAHRA, MUSHTAQ AHMAD, ZABTA KHAN SHINWARI, MUHAMMAD ZAFAR, SHAZIA SULTANA,
Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad Pakistan
Department of Biotechnology, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad Pakistan
In Pak. J. Bot. 46(5): 1653-1661 – ISSN 0556-3321 –
The study was aimed to explore the systematic potential of anatomical characters for identification and delimitation among Euphorbia species. Eight species of leafy spurges of genus Euphorbia L. (Euphorbiaceae) were evaluated for variations in micro morphological characters of foliar epidermal anatomy.
While anatomical observations are of importance in the assessments and appraisals, use of these characters as an effective tool in interpreting phyletic evaluations and systematic delineations has its limitations too. The epidermal cell wall in majority of species was wavy to undulate on both adaxial and abaxial surfaces.
The observations made in this study indicate that there is not a single type of stomata which appears as characteristic of the genus Euphorbia. Also their distribution whether epistomatic or hypostomatic is not a genus characteristic.
The trichomes found were simple, unicellular or multicellular, uniseriate. Present investigation revealed the utility of both qualitative and quantitative characters in systematic studies; also the potential influence in the delimitation of species cannot be ignored.
Our results show that the micro-morphology of anatomical characters play an important role in definition of taxa at species and sectional levels.