Epidermis and stomata of Equisetaceae

Untersuchungen über die Epidermis und die Spaltöffnungen der Equisetaceen

Sanio C. G. (1858)

Carl Gustav Sanio,


Linnaea XXIX – Halle, Gebauer-Schwetschke –


Structures, function and ecology of stomata

Structure, Function and Ecology of Stomata Hardcover – 1 January 1979

by D.N. Sen (Author), D.D. Chawan (Author), R.P. BANSAL (Author)

The present book is the first of its own type on a most bewildering theme in plant science. This includes 13 research cum review chapters in the fields of Structure, Function and Ecology of Stomata. All the chapters are on specialised themes emanating from different schools of thought. These chapters have been written by authorities, who hail from internationally renowned centtes in their fields. Besides three articles from India, the rest come from Australia, Canada, Great Britain, Germany, Israel, Scotland, Sri Lanka and USSR. The book has been divided into three parts: Part I deals with structure of stomata, where guard cells and substomatal ion adsorbent bodies, stomatal ontogeny in some dicotyledonous families and special features of family Acanthaceae are discussed. Part 11 relates to function of stomata. Besides stomatal metabolism in Commclina, influences of certain chemicals specially ABA and hormones are also dealt with. Part 111 discusses ecology, versatility of stomatal control, responses to air humidity, stomata of arid zone plants, differences in response to environmental variables and circadian rhythms of stomata. The present book appears to be a meeting ground of different views on the structure, function and ecology of stomata, covering about 280 pages. Besides a very useful source of information for the researchers and students studying stomatal structure and behaviour in research Institutes and Universities all over the world, the present book will also serve as a useful reference for botanists in general.

Stomata, Hormone Metabolism and Signaling in Plants

Hormone Metabolism and Signaling in Plants

Li J., Li C., Smith S. M. (2017)

Jiayang Li, Chuanyou Li, Steven M. Smith,

Academic Press Elsevier ISBN 978-0-12-811562-6


Plant Hormones: Biosynthesis and Mechanisms of Action is based on research funded by the Chinese government’s National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC). This book brings a fresh understanding of hormone biology, particularly molecular mechanisms driving plant hormone actions. With growing understanding of hormone biology comes new outlooks on how mankind values and utilizes the built-in potential of plants for improvement of crops in an environmentally friendly and sustainable manner.

This book is a comprehensive description of all major plant hormones: how they are synthesized and catabolized; how they are perceived by plant cells; how they trigger signal transduction; how they regulate gene expression; how they regulate plant growth, development and defense responses; and how we measure plant hormones.

This is an exciting time for researchers interested in plant hormones. Plants rely on a diverse set of small molecule hormones to regulate every aspect of their biological processes including development, growth, and adaptation. Since the discovery of the first plant hormone auxin, hormones have always been the frontiers of plant biology.

Although the physiological functions of most plant hormones have been studied for decades, the last 15 to 20 years have seen a dramatic progress in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of hormone actions. The publication of the whole genome sequences of the model systems of Arabidopsis and rice, together with the advent of multidisciplinary approaches has opened the door to successful experimentation on plant hormone actions.

Methods in Molecular Biology (Book): Stomatal Bioassay

Stomatal Bioassay to Characterize Bacterial-Stimulated PTI at the Pre-Invasion Phase of Infection

Montano J., Melotto M. (2017)

Jeanine Montano, Maeli Melotto,

In: Shan L., He P. (eds) Plant Pattern Recognition Receptors. Methods in Molecular Biology, vol 1578. Humana Press, New York, NY. – https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-6859-6_19



Bacterium-triggered stomatal closure is a functional output of plant immunity, also known as stomatal defense. This is an early response mediated by the recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) by the plant’s pathogen recognition receptors (PRRs). Several approaches to analyzing stomatal movement in response to bacteria have been described, but difficulties in fine-tuning the experimental procedures still exist. Here we provide a detailed method for assessing stomatal defense via high-quality microscopic imaging and explain trouble-shooting steps to obtaining robust data. Although this procedure requires minimal manipulation of the leaf sample, it is crucial to control all environmental conditions and extrinsic variables that could interfere with stomatal movement. The method described here is also suitable for in vivo characterization of stomatal response in new pathosystems and can be used in conjunction with other profiling assays to gain a detailed understanding of early PAMP-triggered immunity (PTI).

Pathogen and hormonal regulation of guard cell signaling (in Book)

Crosstalk in pathogen and hormonal regulation of guard cell signaling

Speth E. B., Melotto M., Zhang W., Assmann S. M., He S. Y. (2009)

Book Editor(s): Keiko Yoshioka, Kazuo Shinozakihttps://doi.org/10.1002/9780813805931.ch5



This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction
  • Hormonal Regulation of Stomatal Movements
  • Are ROS and NO Common Integrators of Hormonal Regulation of Stomatal Aperture?
  • Pathogen Regulation of Stomatal Movements
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Acknowledgments

Book : Stomata

Book : Stomata

Fricker M. D., Willmer C. M. (1996) – Stomata – Springer – https://www.springer.com › book

Review The Biologist

The book could be recommended for advanced students and specialists in plant physiology, biology, agriculture and related disciplines. – Acta Physiological Plantarium; Overall, the changes that the authors have made in this new edition of Stomata mark the book’s successful transition from being a handbook of stomatal research to an essential textbook of stomatal physiology. I have no hesitation in recommending it, and anticipate that in future years it will become a standard text for scholars of both plant and stomatal physiology – Trends in Plant Science; Reviews of the first edition:; This paperback is, in general, well written and easy to read, especially an as introductory text for students … A service to plant physiology has been well performed. This reviewer commends this little book as being a `window upon the soul’ of stomata … – Journal of Experimental Botany; [Willmer] gives a highly readable, excellently illustrated account of the distribution, anatomy, structure and development of guard cells … I know of no other review of the structural aspects of this range and elegance – Times Higher Educational Supplement; Dr Willmer has produced a neat, crisply written monograph which will serve up to first degree level in all plant sciences for a good while to come – The Biologist