Stomata in Psilotales and Tmesipteris

Photo credit: Google

Tmesipteris tannensis

Epidermal structure of Psilotales and stomatal ontogeny of Tmesipteris tannensis Bernh.

by Pant D. D., Khare P. K. (1971)

University of Allahabad, India

in Ann. Bot. 35:151–157. – DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aob.a084454 – 

https://www.jstor.org/stable/42908325?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

https://academic.oup.com/aob/article-abstract/35/1/151/142408/Epidermal-Structure-of-Psilotales-and-Stomatal?redirectedFrom=PDF

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Abstract

Mature epidermis and cuticles of the two genera of Pailotales, viz. Psilotum nudum and Tmesipteris tannensis and the stomatal ontogeny of the latter are described.

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https://www.jstor.org/stable/42908325?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

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Stomatal development in Psilotum nudum

Photo credit: Google

Psilotum nudum | by Gordon K A Dickson

Stomatal development in aerial axes of Psilotum nudum (Psilotaceae)

by Mickle J. E., Barone Lumaga M. R.,  De Luca P. (2012)

james_mickle
James E. Mickle, North Carolina State University, USA

in Journal of the North Carolina Academy of Science, 128(3/4), 2012, pp. 95–99 – DOI: 10.7572/2167-5880-128.3.95 –

http://citeweb.info/20121353656

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/83fc/9471fbd0d688a5937722fc968b50da8fcaa0.pdf

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FIG. 7. Stomatal complex with epicuticular wax; the cuticular surface of epidermal surface is smooth. Bar 5 20 mm. FIG. 8. Stomatal complex with epicuticular wax concealing pore. Bar 5 20 mm. FIG. 9. Epicuticular wax composed of a network of fibers. Bar 5 1 mm. FIG. 10. Developing axis with differentiating vascular bundles and chlorenchyma. Undulate walls of chlorenchyma cells shown at arrow labeled U. Bar 5 100 mm. FIG. 11. Paradermal section of a lateral branch with mature chlorenchyma and with stomata arranged in the hollow longitudinal ribs. Undulate walls of chlorenchyma cells shown at arrow labeled U. Bar 5 100 mm.

Abstract

Apical regions of developing aerial shoots of Psilotum nudum (L.) Beauv. were studied using both scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and light microscopy (LM) with the aim of improving our understanding of early stages in stomatal and epidermal ontogenesis.

SEM samples were fixed in gluteraldehyde, critical point dried, and coated with an Au-Pd alloy. LM samples were fixed in FAA and embedded in paraffin. LM sections were stained with 0.05% toluidine blue for protein.

SEM shows that P. nudum stomata develop from 20 mm-long domed meristemoid cells into guard cell mother cells (GMCs). A furrow dividing guard cells develops at 30 mm long, and wax deposition that will cover the entire cell begins at 70 mm long. LM longitudinal sections of GMCs show a cytoplasmic protein net that organizes into radial fibers, similar to reports of actin fibers in stomata of angiosperms.

This study provides additional details of stomatal development in Psilotum and is the first report of an actin-like protein net in Psilotum.

BIBLIOGRAPHY OF STOMATA: Psilotopsida – bibliography

Maroti I. (1961) – Untersuchung der Entwicklung der Epidermis des Psilotinae und des Filicinae-Blattes und der Entwicklung der Stomas. – Acta Biol (Szeged), Ⅶ (3, 4):43-67. – (On our blog : https://plantstomata.wordpress.com/2017/01/13/stomata-in-psilotinae-and-filicinae/)

Mickle J. E., Barone Lumaga M. R.,  De Luca P. (2012) – Stomatal development in aerial axes of Psilotum nudum (Psilotaceae) – Journal of the North Carolina Academy of Science, 128(3/4), 2012, pp. 95–99 – DOI: 10.7572/2167-5880-128.3.95 – http://citeweb.info/20121353656 – (On our blog : https://plantstomata.wordpress.com/2017/02/03/stomatal-development-in-psilotum-nudum/)

Paliwal G. S., Kakkar L. (1967) – The stomata of Tmesipteris tannensis Bernh. – Curr. Sci. 36: 412-413 – (Article not found)

Pant D. D., Khare P. K. (1971) – Epidermal structure of Psilotales and stomatal ontogeny of Tmesipteris tannensis Bernh. – Ann. Bot. 35:151–157. – DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aob.a084454 – https://academic.oup.com/aob/article-abstract/35/1/151/142408/Epidermal-Structure-of-Psilotales-and-Stomatal?redirectedFrom=PDF – (On our blog : https://plantstomata.wordpress.com/2017/02/17/stomata-in-psilotales-and-tmesipteris/)

Pant D. D., Mehra B. (1963) – Development of stomata in Psilotum nudum (L.) Beauv. – Curr. Sci. 32: 420-422 (No abstract found – Who can send us one ?)

Zimmerman W. (1927) – Die Spaltöffnungen der Psilophyta und Psilotales – Z. für Bot. 19: 129-170. – (On our blog : https://plantstomata.wordpress.com/2017/02/03/stomata-in-psilophyta-and-psilotales/)

Stomata in Psilotum (Psilotaceae)

 

STOMATAL DEVELOPMENT IN AERIAL AXES OF PSILOTUM NUDUM (PSILOTACEAE)

by Mickel J. E. (2012)

James E. Mickel

in Journal of the North Carolina Academy of Science, 128(3/4), 2012, pp. 95–99

Abstract:

Apical regions of developing aerial shoots of Psilotum nudum (L.) Beauv. were studied using both scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and light microscopy (LM) with the aim of improving our understanding of early stages in stomatal and epidermal ontogenesis.

SEM samples were fixed in gluteraldehyde, critical point dried, and coated with an Au-Pd alloy. LM samples were fixed in FAA and embedded in paraffin. LM sections were stained with 0.05% toluidine blue for protein.

SEM shows that P. nudum stomata develop from 20 mm-long domed meristemoid cells into guard cell mother cells (GMCs). A furrow dividing guard cells develops at 30 mm long, and wax deposition that will cover the entire cell begins at 70 mm long.

LM longitudinal sections of GMCs show a cytoplasmic protein net that organizes into radial fibers, similar to reports of actin fibers in stomata of angiosperms.

This study provides additional details of stomatal development in Psilotum and is the first report of an actin-like protein net in Psilotum.