Differential coordination of stomatal conductance

 

 

Differential coordination of stomatal conductance, mesophyll conductance and leaf hydraulic conductance in response to changing light across species.

by Xiong D.Douthe C.Flexas J. (2017)

Dongliang Xiong, Cyril Douthe, Jaume Flexas,

in Plant Cell Environ2017. – https://doi.org/10.1111/pce.13111 –

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/pce.13111/abstract

Abstract

Stomatal conductance (gs) and mesophyll conductance (gm) represent major constraints to photosynthetic rate (A), and these traits are expected to coordinate with leaf hydraulic conductance (Kleaf) across species, under both steady-state and dynamic conditions. However, empirical information about their coordination is scarce.

In this study, Kleaf, gas exchange, stomatal kinetics and leaf anatomy in ten species including ferns, gymnosperms and angiosperms were investigated to elucidate the correlation of H2O and CO2 diffusion inside leaves under varying light conditions.

Gas exchange, Kleaf and anatomical traits varied widely across species. Under light-saturated conditions, the Agsgm, and Kleaf were strongly correlated across species. However, the response patterns of Agsgm and Kleaf to varying light intensities were highly species-dependent.

Moreover, stomatal opening upon light exposure of dark-adapted leaves in the studied ferns and gymnosperms was generally faster than in the angiosperms; however, stomatal closing in light-adapted leaves after darkening was faster in angiosperms.

The present results show that there is a large variability in the coordination of leaf hydraulic and gas exchange parameters across terrestrial plant species, as well as in their responses to changing light.

Published by

Willem Van Cotthem

Honorary Professor of Botany, University of Ghent (Belgium). Scientific Consultant for Desertification and Sustainable Development.

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