Possible involvement of phospholipase A2 in light signal transduction of guard cells of Commelina communis.
by Suh S., Park J., Lee Y. (1998)
in Physiologia Plantarum 104, 306–310 –
Polyunsaturated fatty acids induce stomatal opening (Y. Lee, H. Lee, R. C. Crain, A. Lee and S. J. Korn. 1994. Cell Signal. 6: 181–186), but it is not known whether they function as second messengers in guard cells exposed to signals that open stomata.
To test the hypothesis that phospholipase A2 (PLA2), which produces fatty acids and lysophospholipids, is involved in light signal transduction in guard cells, we treated epidermal peels of Commelina communis L. with PLA2 inhibitors and followed the changes in stomatal apertures in response to light.
Stomatal opening by white, blue, or red light was inhibited by 2–3 different PLA2 inhibitors in concentration ranges that have been reported to inhibit PLA2 activity. However, the PLA2inhibitors could not block stomatal opening induced by a polyunsaturated fatty acid.
These results suggest that PLA2 functions as a signal transducer for both blue and red light in guard cells.