Stomatal responses of two mangrove species to long term salinity and humidity conditions

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Aegiceras corniculatum (Myrsinaceae)

Photosynthetic and stomatal responses of two mangrove species, Aegiceras corniculatum and Avicennia marina, to long term salinity and humidity conditions

by Ball M. C., Farquhar G. D. (1984)

in Plant Physiology 74, 16. – doi: – 

CrossRefCAS –

Avicennia marina (Forsskal) –


Gas exchange characteristics were studied in two mangrove species, Aegiceras corniculatum (L.) Blanco and Avicennia marina (Forstk.) Vierh. var australasica (Walp.) Moldenke, grown under a variety of salinity and humidity conditions.

The assimilation rate was measured as a function of the intercellular CO2 concentration [A(ci) curve]. The photosynthetic capacity decreased with increase in salinity from 50 to 500 millimolar NaCl, as shown by decline in both the initial linear slope and the upper plateau of the A(ci) curve, with A. corniculatum being the more sensitive species.

The decline in photosynthetic capacity was enhanced by increase in the leaf to air vapor pressure difference from 6 to 24 millibars, but this treatment caused a decrease in only the upper plateau of the A(ci) curve.

Stomatal conductance was such that the intercellular CO2 concentration obtaining under normal atmospheric conditions occurred near the transition between the lower linear and upper plateau portions of the A(ci) curves. Thus, stomatal conductance and photosynthetic capacity together co-limited the assimilation rate, which declined with increasing salinity and decreasing humidity.

The marginal water cost of carbon assimilation was similar in most treatments, despite variation in the water loss/carbon gain ratio.


Published by

Willem Van Cotthem

Honorary Professor of Botany, University of Ghent (Belgium). Scientific Consultant for Desertification and Sustainable Development.

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