Technology – Technique – bibliography




Aasamaa K., Sõber A. (2011) – Stomatal sensitivities to changes in leaf water potential, air humidity, CO2 concentration and light intensity, and the effect of abscisic acid on the sensitivities in six temperate deciduous tree species. – Environ. Exp. Bot. 71(1): 72-78 – CrossRef ( – – (On our blog :

Aasamaa K., Söber A. (2011) – Responses of stomatal conductance to simultaneous changes in two environmental factors – Tree Physiology, 2011, 31, 8, 855-864 – doi: 10.1093/treephys/tpr078 – – (On our blog :

Aasamaa K., A. Söber A., Rahi M. (2001) –  Leaf Anatomical Characteristics Associated with Shoot Hydraulic Conductance, Stomatal Conductance and Stomatal Sensitivity to Changes of Leaf Water Status in Temperate Deciduous Trees – Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, Vol. 28, No. 8, 2001, pp. 765-774. – – (On our blog :

Abak K.Yanmaz R. (1985) – Investigation on the stomatal density in certain pepper lines and their F1 hybrids – Capsicum Newsletter 4: 22 – Google Scholar

Abdulrahaman A.A. (2009) – Morphological and epidermal adaptations to water stress in some ornamental plant species. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria. (No abstract)

Abdulrahaman A. A., Oladele F. A. (2008) – Global warming and stomatal complex types. Ethnobotanical Leaflets, 12: 553-556 – (On our blog :

Abdulrahaman A. A., Oladele F. A. (2011) – Anatomical Basis for Optimal Use of Water for Maintenance of Some Mesophytic Plants. Insight Botany, 1: 28-38
DOI: 10.5567/BOTANY-IK.2011.28.38 – – (On our blog :

Abraham P. E., Yin H., Borland A. M., Weighill D., Lim S. D., Cestari De Paoli H., Engle N., Jones P. C., Agh R., Weston D. J., Wullschleger S. D., Tschaplinski T., Jacobson D., Cushman J. C., Hettich R. L., Tuskan G. A., Yang X. (2016) – Transcript, protein and metabolite temporal dynamics in the CAM plant Agave – Nature Plants 2, Article number: 16178 (2016) – doi:10.1038/nplants.2016.178 – – (On our blog :

Abrash E., Bergmann D. C. (2009) – Asymmetric cell divisions: A view from plant development. Dev. Cell. 2009;16:783–796. [PubMed]

Abrash E., Bergmann D. C. (2010) – Regional specification of stomatal production by the putative ligand CHALLAH. – Development (2010) 137:447–455.  -10.1242/dev.040931. – – (On our blog :

Abrash E., Lampard G. R. (2010) – A view from the top: new ligands controlling stomatal development in Arabidopsis. – New Phytol 186:561–564. – DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03265.x – – (On our blog :

Acharya B., Assmann S. (2009) – Hormone interactions in stomatal function. Plant Mol. Biol.69, 451–462. doi: 10.1007/s11103-008-9427-0 – PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar – (On our blog :

Acharya B. R., Jeon B. W., Zhang W., Assmann S. M. (2013) – Open Stomata 1 (OST1) is limiting in abscisic acid responses of Arabidopsis guard cells. – New Phytol. 200, 1049–1063. doi: 10.1111/nph.12469 – PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar – MedlineWeb of Science – (On our blog :

Ache P., Becker D., Ivashikina N., Dietrich P., Roelfsema M. R., Hedrich R. (2000) – GORK, a delayed outward rectifier expressed in guard cells of Arabidopsis thaliana, is a K1-selective, K1-sensing ion channel. – FEBS Lett 486: 93–98

Ackerson R. C. (1980) – Stomatal Response of Cotton to Water Stress and Abscisic Acid as Affected by Water Stress History – Plant Physiology 1980 vol. 65 no. 3 455-459 – doi: – – (On our blog :

Addington R. N., Donovan L. A., Mitchell R. J., Vose J. M., Pecot S. D., Jack S. B., Hacke U. G., Sperry J. S., Oren R. (2006) – Adjustments in hydraulic architecture of Pinus palustris maintain similar stomatal conductance in xeric and mesic habitats – Plant, Cell & Environment 29, Issue 4, April 2006, 535–545 – DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3040.2005.01430.x – – (On our blog :

Addington R. N., Mitchell R. J., Oren R., Donovan L. A. (2004) – Stomatal sensitivity to vapor pressure deficit and its relationship to hydraulic conductance in Pinus palustris. – Tree Physiol. 24(5): 561-569 (CrossRef, Medline). – (On our blog :

Adrian J., Chang J., Ballenger C., Bargmann B., Alassimone J., Davies K. A., Lau S., Matos J. L., Hachez C., Lanctot A., Vatén A., Birnbaum K. D., Bergmann D. C. (2015) – Transcriptome Dynamics of the Stomatal Lineage: Birth, Amplification, and Termination of a Self-Renewing Population – Developmental Cell 33(1):107-18 · April 2015- DOI: 10.1016/j.devcel.2015.01.025 – Source: PubMed – – (On our blog :

Agurla S., Gayatri G., Raghavendra A. S. (2014) – Nitric oxide as a secondary messenger during stomatal closure as a part of plant immunity response against pathogens. – Nitric Oxide 43, 89–96. doi: 10.1016/j.niox.2014.07.004 – PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar – (On our blog :

Ahuja I., de Vos R. C. H., Rohloff J., Stoopen G. M., Halle K. K., Ahmad S. J. N., Hoang L., Hall R. D., Bones A. M. (2016) – Arabidopsis myrosinases link the glucosinolate-myrosinase system and the cuticle – Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 38990 (2016) – doi:10.1038/srep38990 – (

Ainsworth, E.A., Rogers, A. (2007) – The response of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance to rising CO2: Mechanisms and environmental interactions – Plant Cell Environ., 30: 258-270. ( (On our blog :

Akita K., Hasezawa S. Higaki T. (2013) – Breaking of plant stomatal one-cellspacing rule by sugar solution immersion. – PLoS ONE 8, e72456 – 

Akbarian M. R., Tabari M., Akbarinia M., Zarafshar M., Meave J. A., Yousefzadeh H., Sattarian A. B. (2011) – Effects of elevational gradient on leaf and stomatal morphology of Caucasian alder (Alnus subcordata) in the Hyrcanian forest, Iran – Folia Oecologica38.1.2011): 17.  – – (On our blog :

Akita K., Hasezawa S., Higaki T. (2013) – Breaking of plant stomatal one-cell-spacing rule by sugar solution immersion. – PLoS ONE 8: e72456. – – – (On our blog :

Al Afas N., Marron N., Ceulemans R. (2006) – Clonal variation in stomatal characteristics related to biomass production of 12 poplar (Populus) clones in a short rotation coppice culture. – Environ. Exp. Bot.58, 279-286. – – (On our blog :

Al-Ani T. A., Bierhuizen J. F. (1971) – Stomatal resistance, transpiration, and relative water content as influenced by soil moisture stress – Acta Bot. Neerl. 20(3): 318-326. – (On our blog :

Aliniaeifard S., Matamoros M. P., van Meeteren U. (2014) – Stomatal malfunctioning under low VPD conditions: induced by alterations in stomatal morphology and leaf anatomy or in the ABA signaling? – Physiol. Plant. 152: 688-699 (CrossRef, Medline). – (On our blog :

Aliniaeifard S., van Meeteren U. (2013) – Can prolonged exposure to low VPD disturb the ABA signalling in stomatal guard cells? – J. Exp. Bot. 64(12): 3551-3566 (CrossRef, Medline).PubMed Abstract  – (On our blog :

Aliniaeifard S., Van Meeteren U. (2016) – Natural variation in stomatal response to closing stimuli among Arabidopsis thaliana accessions after exposure to low VPD as a tool to recognize the mechanism of disturbed stomatal functioning – J. Exp. Bot. (2014) 65 (22):6529-6542.doi: 10.1093/jxb/eru370 – – (On our blog :

Allan A. C., Fricker M. D., Ward J. L., Beale M. H., Trewavas A. J. (1994) Two transduction pathways mediate rapid effects of abscisic acid in Commelina guard cells. – Plant Cell, 6, 319328. – CrossRef | [PMC free article] [PubMed] – (On our blog).

Allaway W. G. (1973) – Accumulation of malate in guard cells of Vicia faba during stomatal opening – Planta 110: 63-70.

Allaway W. G., Hsiao T. C. (1973) – Preparation of rolled epidermis of Vicia faba so that stomata are the only viable cells: analysis of guard cell potassium by flame photometry – Aust. J. Bot. 26: 309-318.

Allaway W. G., Mansfield T. A. (1967) – Stomatal responses to changes in carbon dioxide concentration in leaves treated with 3–(4–chlorophenyl)–1, I-dimethylurea. – New Phytol., 66, 57. – DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1967.tb05986.x – Wiley Online LibraryCASWeb of Science® – – (On our blog)

Allaway W. G., Mansfield T. A.(1970) – Experiments and observations on the aftereffect of wilting on stomata of Rumex sanguineus. – Canad. J. Bot. 48, 513–521 (1970) – Doi: 10.1139/b70-072 – – (On our blog)

Allaway W. G., Milthorpe F. L. (1976) – Structure and functioning of stomata. In TT Kozlowski, ed, Water Deficits and Plant Growth, Vol 4. – Soil Water Measurement, Plant Responses, and Breeding for Drought Resistance. Academic Press, New York, pp 57–102

Allaway W. G., Setterfield G. (1972) – Ultrastructural observations of guard cells of Vicia faba and Allium porrum.- Can. J. Bot. 50, 1405–1413 – DOI: 10.1139/b72-169 – Google Scholar – – (On our blog :

Allen G. J., Amtmann A., Sanders D. (1998) – Calcium-dependent and calcium-independent K+ mobilization channels in Vicia faba guard cell vacuoles. – J. exp. Bot. 49 (Spec. Issue): 305-318, 1998.

Allen G. J., Chu S. P., Harrington C. L., Schumacher K., Hoffmann T., Tang Y. Y., Grill E.,Schroeder J. I. (2001) A defined range of guard cell calcium oscillation parameters encodes stomatal movements. – Nature 411: 10531057. CrossRef |PubMed |CAS | – (On our blog :

Allen G. J., Chu S. P., Schumacher K., Shimazaki C. T., Vafeados D., Kemper A., Hawke S. D.,Tallman G., Tsien R. Y., Harper J. F., Chory J., Schroeder J. I. (2000) Alteration of stimulus-specific guard cell calcium oscillations and stomatal closing in Arabidopsis det3mutant. – Science 289: 23382342. – CrossRef |PubMed |CAS | – (On our blog :

Allegre M., Daire X., Heloir M. C., Trouvelot S., Mercier L., Adrian M. et al. (2007) – Stomatal deregulation in Plasmopara viticola-infected grapevine leaves. – New Phytol. 2007;173:832–840. – [PubMed] – – (On our blog :

Allen G. J., Kuchitsu K., Chu S. P. Murata Y., Schroeder J. I. (1999)Arabidopsis abi1-1 and abi2-1 phosphatase mutations reduce abscisic acid-induced cytoplasmic calcium rises in guard cells. Plant Cell 11: 1785–1798 – CrossRef |PubMedAbstract/FREE Full Text – (On our blog :

Allen G. J., Kwak J. M., Chu S. P., Llopis J., Tsien R. Y., Harper J. F., Schroeder J. I. (1999) – Cameleon calcium indicator reports cytoplasmic calcium dynamics in Arabidopsis guard cells.Plant Journal 19: 735738. – Wiley Online Library |PubMed |CAS | – (On our blog).

Allen G. J., Sanders D. (1996) Control of ionic currents in guard cell vacuoles by cytoplasmic and luminal calcium. – Plant J., 10, 10551069. – Wiley Online Library |PubMed | – (On our blog).

Allen M. T., Pearcy R. W.  (2000) –  Stomatal behavior and photosynthetic performance under dynamic light regimes in a seasonally dry tropical rain forest. – Oecologia, 122: 470-478. ( – (On our blog).

Al-Rawahy S. H., Al-Amri H., Al-Hinai A., Sherwani N. (2007) – Growth and stomatal conductance of Prosopis cineraria (Ghaff Tree) exposed to sulphur dioxide. – Asian J. Plant Sci., 6: 673-677. ( – (On our blog).

Alves de Sena J.O., Zaidan H. A., Castro P. R. C. (2007) – Transpiration and stomatal resistance variations of perennial tropical crops under soil water availability conditions and water deficit. – Brazilian Arch. Biol. Technol., 50: 225-230 – (On our blog)

Alvim P. de T. (1946) – A influência do umidecimento des folhas sôbre a abertura dos estômatos – Revista Ceres 7: 141-152

Alvim P. de T. (1949) – A actividad e fotossintética das células guardas – Lilloa 19: 5-10.

Alvim P. de T. (1949) – Studies on the mechanism of stomatal behavior – Amer. Journ. Bot. 36: 781-791. – (On our blog :

Alvim P. de T. (1951) – The influence of the green mesophyll in stomatal movement – Plant Physiol.  1951: 206-209 – (On our blog :

Alwerdt J.L., Gibson D.J., Ebbs S.D., Wood A.J. (2006) – Intraspecific interactions in Arabidopsis thaliana and the stomatal mutants tmm1-1 and sdd1-2. – Biol Plantarum 50:205–209.

Amsbury S., Hunt L., Elhaddad N., Baillie A., Lundgren M., Verhertbruggen Y., Scheller H. V., Knox J. P., Fleming A. J., Gray J. E. (2016) – Stomatal function requires pectin de-methyl-esterification of the guard cell wall. – Curr Biol 26: 2899–2906

An Y., Liu L., Chen L., Wang L. (2016) – ALA Inhibits ABA-induced Stomatal Closure via Reducing H2O2 and Ca2+ Levels in Guard Cells – Front. Plant Sci., 11 April 2016 | – – (On our blog)


An Z. F., Jing W., Liu Y. L., Zhang W. H. (2008) – Hydrogen peroxide generated by copper amine oxidase is involved in abscisic acid-induced stomatal closure in Vicia faba. – J. Exp. Bot. 59, 815–825. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erm370 – PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar – (On our blog)

Anav A., De Marco A., Proietti C., Alessandri A., Dell’Aquila A., Cionni I., Friedlingstein P., Khvorostyanov D., Menut L., Paoletti E., Sicard P., Sitch S., Vitale M. (2016) – Comparing concentration-based (AOT40) and stomatal uptake (PODY) metrics for ozone risk assessment to European forests. – Global Change Biol, 22: 1608–1627. doi:10.1111/gcb.13138 – – (On our blog)

Anderson B. E., Ward J. M., Schroeder J. I. (1994) – Evidence for an extracellular reception site for abscisic acid in Commelina guard cells. – Plant Physiology 104: 1177–1183.

Anderson C. T., Yue R. (2016) – Functional analysis of cellulose and xyloglucan in the walls of stomatal guard cells of Arabidopsis thalianaPlant Physiology January 4, 2016 pp.01066.2015 – doi: – – (On our blog)

Anonymous (2016) – An amino acid controls plants’ breath – Phys.Org 2016-12-06 – – (On our blog :

Anonymous (x) – SimSphere Workbook – Chapter 9 – Prifysgol Aberystwyth University –  – (On our blog)

Aphalo P. J., Jarvis P. G. (1993) – The boundary layer and the apparent responses of stomatal conductance to wind speed and to the mole fractions of CO2 and water vapour in the air. – Plant, Cell and Environment 16, 771783. – Wiley Online Library | – (On our blog)

Apple M. E., Olszyk D. M., Ormrod D. P., Lewis J., Southworth D., Tingey D.T. (2000) – Morphology and Stomatal Function of Douglas Fir Needles Exposed to Climate Change: Elevated CO2 and Temperature – Int J Plant Sci. 2000 Jan;161(1):127-132. ( – (On our blog).

Araújo W. L.Fernie A. R.Nunes-Nesi A. (2011) Control of stomatal aperture: a renaissance of the old guard. – Plant Signaling & Behavior 2011;6:13051311.

Archana J. S., Valon C.,  Leung J.  (2011) A brand new START: abscisic acid perception and transduction in the guard cell. –Sci. Signal.  29 Nov 2011:Vol. 4, Issue 201, pp. re4 – DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.2002164 – Abstract/FREE Full Text – (On our blog)

Arend M., Schnitzler J.-P., Ehlting B., Hänsch R., Lange T., Rennenberg H., Himmelbach A., Grill E., Fromm J. (2009) – Expression of the Arabidopsis Mutant abi1Gene Alters Abscisic Acid Sensitivity, Stomatal Development, and Growth Morphology in Gray Poplars – Plant Physiology December 2009 vol. 151 no. 4 2110-2119. ( (On our blog).

Arends J. (1925) – Über den Einfluss chemischer Agenzien auf Stärkegehalt und osmotischen Wert der Spaltöffnungsschliesszellen – Planta 1: 84-115 – (On our blog :

Arens T. (1968) – Radial Strukturen in den Stomata von Ouratea spectabilis (Mart.) Engl. – Protoplasma 66: 403-411 –

Armstrong F., Leung J., Grabov A., Brearley J., Giraudat J., Blatt M.R.(1995) – Sensitivity to abscisic acid of guard cell K+ channels is suppressed by abi1-1, a mutant Arabidopsis gene encoding a putative protein phosphatase. – Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, 92, 95209524. – CrossRefPubMedCASADS – (On our blog :

Arnaud D., Hwang, I. (2015) – A sophisticated network of signaling pathways regulates stomatal defenses to bacterial pathogens. – Mol. Plant 8, 566–581. doi: 10.1016/j.molp.2014.10.012 – PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar – (On our blog :

Arntzen C. J., Haugh M., Bobick S. (1973) – Induction of stomatal closure by Helminthosporium maydis pathotoxin – Plant Physiol. 52: 569-574.

Arve L. E, Terfa M. T., Gislerød H. R., Olsen J. E., Torre S. (2013) – High relative air humidity and continuous light reduce stomata functionality by affecting the ABA regulation in rose leaves. – Plant Cell. Environ.36(2): 382-392 (CrossRef, Medline). – (On our blog).

Arve L. E, Torre S., Olsen J. E, Tanino K. K. (2011) – Stomatal Responses to DroughtStress and Air Humidity – “Abiotic Stress in Plants – Mechanisms and Adaptations”, book edited by Arun Shanker and B. Venkateswarlu, ISBN 978-953-307-394-1, (2011) – ( – (On our blog :

Asai N., Nakajima N., Kondo N., Kamada H. (1999) – The effect of osmotic stress on the solutes in guard cells of Vicia faba L. – Plant Cell Physiol 40:843–849 CrossRef – (On our blog :

Asai N., Nakajima N., Tamaoki M., Kamada H., Kondo N. (2000) – Role of malate synthesis mediated by phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase in guard cells in the regulation of stomatal movement. – Plant Cell Physiol 41:10–15 CrossRef PubMed – (On our blog :

Asl L. K., Dhondt S., Boudolf V. et al. (2011) – Model-based analysis of Arabidopsis leaf epidermal cells reveals distinct division and expansion patterns for pavement and guard cells – Plant Physiology (2011) 156: 2172-2183

Ask Nature (2008-2015) – Guard cells regulate gas and moisture exchange: plants – © 2008-2015 The Biomimicry Institute. ( – (On our blog).

Aslam M. , Zamir M.S.I. , Anjum S.A. , Khan I., Tanveer M. (2015) – An investigation into morphological and physiological approaches to screen maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids for drought tolerance – Cereal Research Communications 43(1): 41-51 (2015).

Aslani F., Bernard F., Mirzajani F., Hadian J. (2015) – Comparison of in vitro seeds and shoot tips colchicine treatment methods on of Thymus daenensis Celak via the study of morphological features of stomata and cellular DNA content – jppf. 2015; 3 (10) :1-8. ( – (On our blog).

Aslantaş R., Karakurt H. (2009) – The effects of altitude on stomata number and some vegetative growth parameters of some apple cultivars. – Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences 5, 853–857.

Assmann S. M. (1988) – Enhancement of the stomatal response to blue light by red light, reduced intercellular concentrations of CO2, and low vapor pressure differences.– Plant Physiol. 87:226231. – Abstract/FREE Full Text – CASPubMedArticle – (On our blog)

Assmann S. M. (1992) –  Effects of light quality during development on the morphology and stomatal physiology of Commelina communis – Oecologia 92(2):188-195 · November 1992 – DOI: 10.1007/BF00317363 – – (On our blog)

Assmann S. M. (1993) Signal transduction in guard cells. – Annual Review of Cell Biology 9: 345375. – CrossRef |PubMed  – No abstract.

Assmann S. M. (1999) The cellular basis of guard cell sensing of rising CO2. Plant, Cell & Environment 22: 629637. – Wiley Online Library |CAS | – (On our blog)

Assmann S. M. (2003) – OPEN STOMATA1 opens the door to ABA signaling in Arabidopsis guard cells. – Trends Plant Sci. 8, 151153. – CrossRef |PubMed |CAS – PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar – (On our blog)

Assmann S.M. (2010) Abscisic acid signal transduction in stomatal responses. In Plant Hormones. Biosynthesis, Signal Transduction, Action! Ed. Davies P.J. Springer,Dordrecht, pp 399426Google Scholar (no abstract).

Assmann S. M., Armstrong F. (1999) – Hormonal regulation of ion transporters: the guard cell system. – In: Hooykaas, P.J.J., Hall, M.A., Libbenga, K.R. (ed.): Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Plant Hormones. Pp. 337-361. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1999.

Assmann S. M., Lee D. M., Malkus P. (1992) – Rapid stomatal response to red-light in Zea mays. – Photochem Photobiol. 56 685–689.

Assmann S. M., Shimazaki K. I. (1999) – The multisensory guard cell. Stomatal responses to blue light and abscisic acid. – Plant Physiol. 119(3): 809-815 (337-361 ?) .- CrossRefPubMed | FREE Full Text -(On our blog).

Assmann S. M., Simoncini L., Schroeder J. I.  (1985) – Blue light activates electrogenic ion pumping in guard cell protoplasts of Vicia faba. – Nature. 1985;3186(1):285–287.

Assmann S. M., Snyder J. A., Lee Y-R. J. (2000) – ABA-deficient (aba1) and ABA-insensitive (abi1-1, abi2-1) mutants of Arabidopsis have a wild-type stomatal response to humidity. – Plant Cell Environ. 23(4): 387-395  – (CrossRef). –  Wiley Online Library |PubMed |CAS | – (On our blog).

Assmann S. M., Wang X.-Q. (2001) From milliseconds to millions of years: guard cells and environmental responses. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 4: 421428. – CrossRef |PubMed |CAS | – (On our blog)

Assouline S., Or D. (2015) – Plant water use efficiency over geological time—evolution of leaf stomata configurations affecting plant gas exchange. – PLoS ONE 10, e0127015. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone. 0127015) –

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Aston M. J. (1978) – Differences in the behaviour of adaxial and abaxial stomata of amphistomatous sunflower leaves: Inherent or environmental – Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 5: 211-218 –

Atkinson C. J. (1991) – The flux and distribution of xylem sap calcium to adaxial and abaxial epidermal tissue in relation to stomatal behaviour. – J Exp Bot 42:987–993 CrossRef – (On our blog).

Atkinson C. J. (2014) Is xylem sap calcium responsible for reducing stomatal conductance after soil liming? – Plant and Soil, 2014, 382, 1-2, 349 – – (On our blog)

Atkinson C. J., Mansfield T. A.Davies W. J. (1990) Does calcium in xylem sap regulate stomatal conductance? New Phytologist, 1990, 116, 1, 19-27 – DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1990.tb00506.x  –CrossRef – – (On lour blog)

Atkinson C. J., Mansfield T. A., Kean A. M., Davies W. J. (1989) Control of stomatal aperture by calcium in isolated epidermal tissue and whole leaves of Commelina communis L. – New Phytologist 111: 917. – Wiley Online Library |CrossRef– – (On our blog)

Atkinson C. J., Mansfield T. A., McAinsh M. R., Brownlee C., Hetherington A. M. (1990) – Interactions Of Calcium With Abscisic-Acid In The Control Of Stomatal Aperture. – Biochemie Und Physiologie Der Pflanzen 186, 333-339. – – (On our blog)

Augé R. M., Green C. D., Stodola A. J. W., Saxton A. M., Olinick J. B., Evans R. M. (2000) –  Correlations of stomatal conductance with hydraulic and chemical factors in several deciduous tree species in a natural habitat. – New Phytol. 145: 483-500, 2000.

Aylor D. E., Parlange J.-Y;, Krikorian A. D. (1973) – Stomatal mechanics – Amer. J. Bot. 60: 163-171 –

Azoulay-Shemer T., Palomares A., Bagheri A., Israelsson-Nordstrom M., Engineer C. B., Bargmann B. O. R., Stephan A. B., Schroeder J. I. (2015) – Guard cell photosynthesis is critical for stomatal turgor production, yet does not directly mediate CO2– and ABA-induced stomatal closing. – Plant J. 83, 567–581. doi: 10.1111/tpj.12916 – CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar – – (On our blog)

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Baier M., Gimmler H., Hartung W. (1990) – The permeability of the guard cell plasma membrane and tonoplast. – J. Exp. Bot. 41,

Bak G., Lee E. J., Lee Y., Kato M., Segami S., Heven S., Maeshima M., Hwang J. U., Lee Y. (2013) – A role of phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate in vacuolar structure change in guard cells of closing stomata. – Plant Cell 25:2202–2216 – CrossRef PubMed PubMedCentral – (On our blog :

Bakker J. C. (1991) –  Effects of humidity on stomatal density and its relation to leaf conductance. – Scienta Hort. 48, 205-212.

Balcerowicz, M., Hoecker, U. (2014) – Auxin – a novel regulator of stomata differentiation – Trends in Plant Science,Volume 19, Issue 12, December 2014, Pages 747–749.( – (On our blog :

Bald J. G. (1952) – Stomatal droplets and the penetration of leaves by plant pathogens – Amer. J. Bot. 39(2): 97-99 – (On our blog :

Baldocchi D. (1994)  – An analytical solution for coupled leaf photosynthesis and stomatal conductance models – Tree Physiology 14, 10691079. – DOI: – CrossRef – – (On our blog :

Ball M. C., Farquhar G. D. (1984) – Photosynthetic and stomatal responses of two mangrove species, Aegiceras corniculatum and Avicennia marina, to long term salinity and humidity conditions – Plant Physiology 74, 16. – doi: – CrossRefCAS – – (On our blog :

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Willem Van Cotthem

Honorary Professor of Botany, University of Ghent (Belgium). Scientific Consultant for Desertification and Sustainable Development.

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